How To Diagnose Memory (Hardware) Issues on DELL Servers

by Ramesh Natarajan
Courtesy :
Sometimes it may be necessary to find out whether there are any issues with the memory or other hardware components on a server. Typically it is recommended to perform this kind of test on a server before deploying for production usage. DELL has provided few tools to perform hardware diagnostics on DELL Servers. Let us review “Dell 32 Bit Diagnostics” tools in this post.
This Diagnostics tools can be used on DELL PowerEdge servers and PowerVault. Following items are covered in this post:
  1. Download Diagnostics utility from Dell support site.
  2. Create bootable CD
  3. Execute the memory test
  4. Graphics based diagnostics

1. Download Diagnostics Utility from Dell Support Site

Go to and click on “Drivers and Downloads”, select your specific server model and click on the Diagnostics link to download the corresponding DELL Diagnostics Tool. To burn the Diagnostics bootable CD on windows download the *.EXE and to burn the CD on Linux download the *.bin file.
In this example, I have searched for “Dell 32 bit Diagnostics v5091A1″ in the and downloaded the EW5091A1.EXE. I will be using Windows to create the Dell Diagnostics bootable CD.

2. Create a bootable CD

Run the EW5091A1.EXE and follow the directions to create a bootable Dell Diagnostics CD as shown below
(1) Welcome Screen: This displays all the PowerEdge and PowerVault models that are supported by this particular diagnostics tool.
Dell Diagnostics Utility Welcome Screen
(2) Extract Files: Specify the location where you would like to extract the files.
Dell Diagnostics Utility - Extract Files
(3) Choose Bootable Image Media : Diagnostics distribution package screen lets you create bootable image on several media (USB, Floppy, CD etc.). I selected “Create a bootable CD” to create a bootable CD of the diagnostics utility.
Dell Diagnostics - Bootable Media
(4) Create Bootable CD: Specify whether you want to directly burn to CD (or) create an ISO image. I burned it to a CD.
Dell Diagnostics Utility - Create Bootable CD

3. Execute the memory test

(1) Dell Diagnostics Menu: Once you burn a bootable Dell Diagnostics CD, insert it to the server where you want to perform the memory test and reboot. This will display the Diagnostics Menu with the following four options.
Dell Diagnostics - Main Menu
(2) MpMemory diagnostics: Select Option 1 to perform the memory test. This will perform various memory test and display a summary of the test. In the example shown below, all the test were conducted successfully and MpMemory did not find any issues with the memory on the DELL Server. If any of the memory test failed, please work with DELL support to get the memory replaced.
Dell Diagnostics - MpMemory Test
After the test is completed, press any key to display the memory test results in a text output. This will also display the main menu of the Diagnostics tool. Press Option 4 to quit out the tool. Remove the diagnostics CD and reboot the server to resume normal operation.

4. Graphics based diagnostics

(1) Ddgui graphics based diagnostics: Select option 2, on the diagnostics menu for a graphical UI to perform hardware diagnostics. The graphical UI has the option of performing express, extended and custom test. I typically perform express test and if I see any issues, I perform an extended test. If you have enough time, you can try to perform the extended Test.
Dell Diagnostics - GUI Main Menu
(2) Custom Test Mode: In this mode, you can specifically select which hardware you would like to run the diagnose test. This can perform variety of diagnostics such as Processor, Video, USB, PCI Devices, Hard Drive etc. as shown below:
Dell Diagnostics - Custom GUI Menu

How do you know whether you have a genuine copy of windows or not?

How do you know whether you have a genuine copy of windows or not?To know whether you have genuine winows copy run this command in run dialog "oobe/msoobe /a" without quotes. If you get a dialog box saying that "Thanks for using our product" then you have a genuine copy of windows.
If the dialog ask you to activate the product then you own a pirated copy of windows.

How to remove Windows XP Service Pack 3 from your computer

To remove Windows XP SP3 from your computer, use one of the following methods.

Important After you remove Windows XP Service Pack 3 from your computer, we recommend that you visit the following Microsoft Web page and then install the latest security updates: (

Method 1: Use the "Add or Remove Programs" item in Control Panel

  1. Click Start, and then click Run.
  2. Copy and then paste the following command in the Open box, and then press ENTER:
  3. Click to select the Show Updates check box.
  4. Click Windows XP Service Pack 3, and then click Remove.
  5. Click Finish to restart the computer after the removal process is complete.

Method 2: Use the hidden $NtServicePackUninstall$ folder

  1. Click Start, click Run, type c:\windows\$NtServicePackUninstall$\spuninst\spuninst.exe in the Open box, and then click OK.
  2. When the Windows XP Service Pack 3 Removal Wizard starts, click Next.
  3. Follow the instructions on the screen to remove Windows XP SP3.

Method 3: Use the System Restore process

Note Before you use System Restore, make sure that you have restarted the computer at least one time after you installed Windows XP SP3. By restarting the computer, you allow for any remaining servicing processes to finish.
  1. Click Start, and then click Run.
  2. Copy and then paste the following command in the Open box, and then press ENTER:
  3. Click Restore my computer to an earlier time, and then click Next.
  4. Click the date on which you installed Windows XP SP3, and then click Installed Window XP Service Pack 3 in the Restore Point box.
  5. Click Next, and then follow the instructions on the screen to remove Windows XP SP3.

Method 4: Use Recovery Console

Important This section, method, or task contains steps that tell you how to modify the registry. However, serious problems might occur if you modify the registry incorrectly. Therefore, make sure that you follow these steps carefully. For added protection, back up the registry before you modify it. Then, you can restore the registry if a problem occurs. For more information about how to back up and restore the registry, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
322756  ( ) How to back up and restore the registry in Windows

If you cannot remove Windows XP SP3 by using one of the previous methods, follow these steps:
  1. Insert the Windows XP CD in the CD drive or in the DVD drive, and then restart your computer. When you receive the following message, press a key to start your computer from the Windows XP CD:
    Press any key to boot from CD
    Note The computer must be configured to start from the CD drive or from the DVD drive. For more information about how to configure your computer to start from the CD drive or from the DVD drive, see the documentation that was included with your computer, or contact the computer manufacturer. You can also use a bootable floppy disk to start Windows XP. For more information, see the following Microsoft Knowledge Base article:
    305595  ( ) How to create a bootable floppy disk for an NTFS or FAT partition in Windows XP
  2. When you receive the Welcome to Setup message, press R to start the Recovery Console.

    Note Multiple options will appear on the screen.
  3. Select the correct Windows XP installation.

    Note You must select a number before you press ENTER, or the computer will restart. Typically, only the 1: C:\Windows selection is available.
  4. If you are prompted to type an administrator password, do so. If you do not know the administrator password, press ENTER. (Typically, the password is blank.)

    Note You cannot continue if you do not have the administrator password.
  5. At the command prompt, type cd $ntservicepackuninstall$\spuninst, and then press ENTER.
  6. At the command prompt, type batch spuninst.txt, and then press ENTER.

    Note The Spuninstal.txt file appears. As the file scrolls down, you will see errors and the files that are being copied. This is typical behavior.
  7. After Windows XP SP3 is removed, type exit, and then press ENTER.
  8. Restart the computer in safe mode. To do this, press F8 when the computer restarts.

    Note After you restart the computer, the computer may stop responding, and you may see a black screen. The mouse will work. In this case, restart the computer again by turning the computer off and then back on. The second restart will let you log on.
  9. When the computer restarts, Windows Explorer (Explorer.exe) does not run, and the Windows icons and the Start button are unavailable. To resolve this problem, follow these steps:
    1. Press CTRL+ALT+DEL, and then click Task Manager in the Windows Security screen.
    2. Click File, and then click New Task (Run).
    3. In the Open box, type regedit, and then click OK.
    4. Locate and then click the following registry subkey:
    5. In the details pane, right-click ObjectName, click Modify, type LocalSystem in the Value data box, and then click OK.
    6. Restart the computer
  10. Use one of the previous methods to remove Windows XP SP3 from your computer.
For more information about how to install and use the Recovery Console, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
307654  ( ) How to install and use the Recovery Console in Windows XP
If you need help about how to install, reinstall, or uninstall Windows, visit the following Microsoft Web site: (

How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac

BootCamp05 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac
Courtesy :

So you picked up your shiny new copy of Microsoft’s latest OS offering – Windows 7 and want to install it on your (cue dramatic music)…….. Intel based Mac. Mac fans will view this as blasphemy and Windows lovers will probably ask; “why didn’t you get a PC if you wanted to run Windows”. Well there are numerous valid reasons for having Windows 7 installed on one’s Mac and today we will guide you through the set up. My personal retort is because I can.
Naturally you don’t want to get rid of OS X when installing Windows, so thankfully Apple created Boot Camp which allows safe installation of a Microsoft Operating System ranging from Windows XP to the newest Windows 7. This is made possible by the fact that underneath all the Mac and Apple branding the components are basically a standard Intel PC.
Boot Camp works by creating a partition that is recognized by the Windows installation media on certain Intel-based Mac. According to the Apple website the following models are not supported:
- iMac (17-inch, Early 2006)
- iMac (17-inch, Late 2006)
- iMac (20-inch, Early 2006)
- iMac (20-inch, Late 2006)
- MacBook Pro (15-inch, Early 2006)
- MacBook Pro (17-inch, Late 2006)
- MacBook Pro (15-inch, Late 2006)
- MacBook Pro (17-inch, Early 2006)
- Mac Pro (Mid 2006, Intel Xeon Dual-core 2.66GHz or 3GHz)
To get Windows 7 installed you will need Mac OS X v10.6 Snow Leopard and the Boot Camp 3.1 Update.
Initially when Windows 7 was first released Apple did not update Boot Camp to fully support the new Microsoft OS. You were able to install it and it worked but certain features were not supported. At the beginning of this year Apple released the Boot Camp 3.1 update, which provides support for both 32-bit as well as the 64-bit Home Premium, Professional, and Ultimate versions of Windows 7. The software update furthermore includes Magic Mouse and Apple wireless keyboard support, as well addressing some Apple track pad and laptop LED issue
Prior to starting the install process make sure your computer’s Mac OS X operating system, Boot ROM, other firmware and software are up-to-date.
To start the process in OS X open Boot Camp Setup Assistant (located in /Applications/Utilities). You will be greeted by an introduction screen followed by a graphical partition manager from where you can adjust the size of the Boot Camp Windows partition; by default Apple starts at 5 GB but that is way too small for a Windows 7 installation. I would recommend a minimum of 40 GB to be on the safe side.
BootCamp01 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp02 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp03 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac
Once your partition size is selected click the Partition button and OS X will do the rest. After the partitioning occurs you will be asked to insert the Windows 7 install disc and press the Start Installation button which will reboot the Mac.
At this point the installation process will function like the normal Windows 7 install. You should be greeted with the familiar Windows is loading screen followed by the license acceptance dialog. Next choose whether to perform an upgrade or custom installation. For today’s tutorial I’ll be showing how to set up a fresh installation of Windows 7 so select the custom install option.
BootCamp04 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp05 thumb1 How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp06 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp07 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac
The next screen will show a list of partitions on your Mac hard drive. Highlight the one named Boot Camp and then press the drive options button. Click the format button, you’ll be asked to confirm, click yes and this will format the Boot Camp partition making it ready for the Windows 7 installation.
BootCamp08 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp09 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp10 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp11 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac
Now go grab yourself a cup of coffee and relax as Windows 7 will install itself. This process will take about 20 minutes to a half hour and requires no user intervention until the very end. Once Windows 7 reboots a user creation screen will appear.
BootCamp12 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp13 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp14 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac
Congratulations your Windows 7 is installed on your Mac, now its time to run any Windows 7 updates and then install the Boot Camp drivers so everything works as expected.
BootCamp15 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac
Eject the Windows 7 installation media and insert the Snow Leopard installation disk. The disk should autorun the Boot Camp drivers for Vista which is compatible with Windows 7.
If you are running a MacBook or Mac Mini and are installing a 64-bit version you may get following error: “Boot Camp x64 is unsupported on this computer model”. This is easily resolved by opening the Snow Leopard installation disk folder; locating and right-clicking the “BootCamp64″ application and selecting “Troubleshoot compatibility”. Click on “Start the program and the program should run; this works by disabling Boot Camp’s Version Check. Thanks to for the fix.
BootCamp16 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp17 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp18 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac
Once the Boot Camp drivers are installed you will be asked to reboot the machine. Go into the Apple software update folder and run it. There should be Boot Camp 3.1 drivers which can be installed from the update; run these and you will be done.
BootCamp19 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp20 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp21 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp22 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp23 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac
You should notice a Boot Camp icon in the system tray which runs the Boot Camp Control Panel the user can select the boot partition and control the remote, keyboard and power settings.
BootCamp24 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp25 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp26 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp27 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac
Another way to select the start up system between Windows 7 and OS X is by holding down the Option Key on your keyboard or if you have a Mac remote hold down menu button when booting up your Mac. This will bring up a graphical boot loader to select the OS you wish to boot into.
BootCamp28 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac
Congratulations once all this is done you now have Windows 7 installed on your Mac machine; now go show off your OS X/Windows 7 machine to your Windows loving friends.

Courtesy :

How to Make your Blogger Blog ready for Mobile Phones

Posted by kranthi

As you know, millions of people use their mobile phones to access internet. The mobile internet speed is also very fast these days with 3G's , mobile apps,etc.

From this, we can say many of your readers are coming to your blog through mobile phones..But, if you don't make your blog mobile friendly, .you may lose all your mobile readers because in a mobile phone, a normal blog takes lot of time to load and there are other issues that your site not fitting properly in the mobile screen.

So, here is how to make your Blogger (blogspot) blog mobile internet friendly..

Sign into your Blogger account > Design > Edit html

Find this line..
<b:include data='blog' name='all-head-content'/>

Paste this code below that line...

<meta content='IE=EmulateIE7' http-equiv='X-UA-Compatible'/>

<b:if cond='data:blog.isMobile'>

<meta content='width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=0' name='viewport'/>


<meta content='width=1100' name='viewport'/>


Save the Changes!

That's it! Now, your visitors can access your blogger blog through mobile phones with blazing speed...

IRCTC Mobile – Indian Railways reservation/enquiry on your mobile

Posted By : Aditya

IRCTC have set of ways for mobile access and users can take benefit of it for getting Railways reservation/Railways enquiry etc.
1. IRCTC Mobile Application
IRCTCmobile allows you to perform various ticketing related services through your mobile phone. This service is available for all GPRS subscribers in India.
You can now book tickets using Credit Cards and Cash Cards, view trains between stations, check availability, get fare, perform PNR enquiry and many other information services. The tickets booked through IRCTCmobile shall be delivered to the postal address provided during the booking within 3 clear days from the date of booking.
Java phone and GPRS connectivity is a pre-requisite. To avail GPRS facility, contact your mobile operator.
You can see demo of the mobile application here by clicking the demo link in right bottom (below installation instructions)

Visit this link for more details.
2. Mobile site of IRCTC —
Use your mobile to open and use it for booking ticket, ticket history and enquiry.

See the complete working guide at
3. Railways booking on Airtel live
Features supported on Airtel live:
a. Now you can book all your rail tickets through the mobile
b. You would get the PNR confirmation on the mobile phone.
c. The tickets get delivered to the location of your choice within 72 hrs
d. You can also check the status of your ticket on the mobile.
Get more information about pricing and application here
There is another application ngpay which also provide Railways ticket booking along with some more services. Get more information about it here

Autosave Option in Microsoft Office

Courtesy :
Excel includes the ability to automatically save your work periodically, but the feature is not built into Excel 97 or Excel 2000. Instead, you need to
an add-in and then configure it to work properly. You can check to see if the AutoSave add-in is installed by displaying the Tools menu. If you do not see an AutoSave option, then you will need to follow these steps:
  1. Choose Add-Ins from the Tools menu. This displays the Add-Ins dialog box.
  2. Make sure the AutoSave add-in is selected; that it has a check mark beside it.
  1. Click on OK.

The proper AutoSave add-in is now installed. To use AutoSave, follow these steps:
  1. Choose AutoSave from the Tools menu. This displays the AutoSave dialog box.
  2. Use the controls in the dialog box to indicate how you want the saving to occur.
  3. Click on OK.


Notice that there is an option at the bottom of the AutoSave dialog box that allows you to specify whether Excel prompts you before saving your workbook. This is always a good option to select. The reason is because Excel always performs the AutoSave to the same file that you loaded. Thus, without prompting, your existing file will always be overwritten.
If you are using Excel 2002 or Excel 2003, the AutoSave add-in has been made a permanent part of Excel. In this version, you enable AutoSave by following these steps:
  1. Choose Options from the Tools menu. Excel displays the Options dialog box.
  2. Make sure the Save tab is selected. 

  1. Use the controls on the tab to indicate how you want the saving to occur.
  2. Click on OK.
ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (2777) applies to Microsoft Excel versions: 97 | 2000 | 2002 | 2003

MS-DOS Bootable CD Images

Below you’ll find several different bootable CD images in ISO format for MS-DOS.
To create the bootable CD you will need to download the ISO image below. You will then need to use a CD Burning application such as Nero or EZ-CD Creator to burn the ISO to a CD. Once finished you can simply insert the CD and reboot the computer.

Courtesy : 

Managing Windows XP Services with the Service Controller Command SC

Many processes and functions of the Windows XP operating system and other software are classified under the general rubric of “services”. Managing services with the graphical facility called the Services Console is discussed at a sister site. In addition to a GUI method of managing services, Windows XP also has a powerful command-line utility.This utility, the Service Controller, is opened by entering "sc' into the command prompt and contains a large assembly of subcommands that we will survey.
The command-line method of managing services has the advantage of being available for scripts. It also allows for quickly stopping and starting services for troubleshooting purposes. Systems administrators use it for managing services on networks and for very detailed configuration. For the average PC user, it provides a quick and easy way to turn services on and off to see how system performance is affected.

The SC subcommands

The "sc" command comes with numerous subcommands. A list can be seen at the this Microsoft page or by entering "sc /?" into a command prompt. There is also a list in the Windows XP Help and Support Center. Altogether, 24 subcommands are listed. Each subcommand in turn may have a subset of different commands. The table below shows a selection of the subcommands and their functions that are of most relevance to a typical PC owner. Much more detailed information is available at the XP Help and Support Center by searching "sc".
Table I. Selected subcommands for SC
Command Function
sc config Configures service startup and login accounts
sc continue Resumes a paused service
sc enumdepend Lists the services that cannot run unless the specified service is running
sc failure Specifies what action to take upon failure of the service
sc pause Pauses a service
sc qc Displays the configuration of a particular service
sc query Displays information about the specified service, driver, type of service, or type of driver
sc start Starts a service running
sc stop Sends a STOP request to a service (not all will respond)

Examples of some useful ways to apply SC

The suite of commands that are available are very powerful and allow for much configuring of services. Although not all functions will be of interest to the average PC use, some are applicable to everyday experience. You can learn if a service is runninng, stop, start. or pause it, and determine if it will run when the system is started up. Here are examples of some commands that I think might be of interest.
sc config
This command has a number of functions but one is to determine the status of a service at system startup. A service can be set to run automatically, manually or not at all. The commands aresc config ServiceName start= flagHere ServiceName is the name of the service and flag has one of the values auto, demand. or disabled . For example, to set a service to run manually the command is sc config ServiceName start= demandNote that there must be a space after the equals sign. The correct value for the parameter ServiceName may not always be obvious and the next command can be used to find it for all services.
sc query
Information about services and drivers can be obtained with this command. Used alone it returns a list of running services with various information about the service. Lists can be inconvenient to read on a screen and they can be redirected to a text file. To create a text list of running services use the commandsc query > serviceslist.txt The path for the text file serviceslist.txt can be anywhere that is convenient. To create a list of all services, usesc query type= service state= all > allserviceslist.txt To create a list of active drivers, use sc query type= driver Or for a list of everything, use sc query state= all
sc start
To start up a service that is not running, usesc start ServiceName
sc stop
To stop a running service, use sc stop ServiceName However, some services cannot or should not be stopped

List post titles in alphabetical or chronological order

In this tutorial I will show you how to list all your post titles. If you are looking for an alternative to Blogger’s Archive gadget, then this might be it. This list can also be used as a Table Of Contents. This list is made possible with the use of Yahoo! Pipe.
See the demo in Blogger Sentral Widget Showcase.
The list comes with several options:
  1. List them inside a widget or inside a post.
  2. Select whether to arrange them in alphabetical or chronological order. If you use your blog as an online serial novel, then chronological order is just what you need.
  3. Select whether to include comment count at the end of each title.
  4. Select ordered (numbered) or unordered (bulleted) list style.
Let’s get started.

The code

Make your own

Put list in a (dedicated) post

  1. For the code to work, you must disable line breaks conversion in your blog. Go to Settings > Formatting and on Convert Line Breaks, select No.
  2. Go to Blogger Post Editor.
  3. Switch to Edit HTML mode.
  4. Copy and paste the code in the editing window.
  5. Save your post and view it. The list should be showing inside the post.
  6. You may want  to add a direct link to the post from your homepage. This can be done by adding navigation tabs or better still turn the dedicated post into a static page.

Put list in a gadget e.g. sidebar

  1. Go to Design > Page Elements.
  2. Click Add A Gadget link.
  3. Select HTML/Javascript gadget.
  4. Enter the title of your widget e.g. All Posts List.
  5. Copy and paste the code inside the content box.
  6. Save and view your blog.
This widget will show your blog’s latest 1000 post titles. Replace (the value of YourBlogUrl) with your own blog url, in code line 20. Do not include the slash (as in .com/).
Style the list with the inline style attribute in line 4.
If your list becomes too long, you might want to put it in a scroll box.

Selecting the options

  • Listing order -the default order is alphabetical. To change to chronological order, just change the word alphabet in code line 21 to chrono.
  • Comment count - comment count is displayed as default. To remove comment count, delete code line 13.
  • List style -the default is bulleted list. To change to numbered list, replace ul (in line 4 and 16) with ol.

Customizing the pipe (optional)

If you want further customize the widget output, you need to edit the (Yahoo) pipe itself. Follow the steps below:
  1. Go to the Yahoo! pipe.
  2. Log in to your Yahoo! account.
  3. Create a clone by clicking the Clone button.
  4. Click edit source to edit it in anyway you like.
  5. When you’re done editing and saving, test run it by clicking Run Pipe button to confirm the output of the pipe.
  6. To use your edited pipe, copy the pipe id and paste it to replace the existing id in line 22. (To get the id, look in your browser’s address bar. The id is the end part the url when you are viewing or editing the pipe.)

Removing Newer and Older Post Links in Blogger Blog

If you are using Blogger as blogging platform, you might be used to some of the built-in features, that you consider hard coded, but can be changed with slight template code modification. One of the hacks, presented in this publication, addresses a seemingly minor issue on the page - two links “Older Posts” and “Newer Posts” on the bottom of the page.

For those, who prefer their blog to be maximally close to the static webpages, these links not just unnecessary, but are plainly irritating. There is a way to remove them once and forever. And that is quite easy to do, even for not very experienced users. Note, that this hack will also remove “home” link from the bottom of the blog page.

Open Layout Tab in your blog profile page, choose Edit HTML, and search your code in your blog template for the following text:
#blog-pager-newer-link {
float: left;
#blog-pager-older-link {
float: right;
#blog-pager {
text-align: center;

Now replace that code with the following code:

#blog-pager-newer-link {
display: none;
#blog-pager-older-link {
display: none;
#blog-pager {
display: none;

Save the template and you are done.b

Remove Subscribe To Posts(Atom) Link From Blogger Blog


You must have seen that at the botton of your blogger template there is a Subscribe to: Posts (Atom) link. Blogger has added it so that the blog visitors can subscribe to your Atom feeds. However many people use RSS for their
blog feeds . Moreover it occupies space at the bottom of the template and it doesn't look nice.

Many people must have tried to remove it by visiting the Edit HTML option, but they wont find the Subscribe to: Posts (Atom) part anywhere in the template. This is because it isn't written within the a href tag. However removing it is very easy.

Before you start the work, make a backup of your template as a precautionary measure. To remove it click on Layout and click on Edit HTML
Blogger Basics

Now select Expand Widget Templates. After selecting it, search for the following code in the template

< b:include name='feedLinks'/>

Once you find the code, remove it and save your template. Refresh your blog and now the Subscribe to: Posts (Atom) link wont be there on your blog.

How to install OSX 10.5 Leopard on your Intel computer

Don't forget to read this before installing
I forgot the 'requirements' section on purpose. Please read through the whole guide and write down the things you need. This sounds stupid, but I want to force you to read through the whole guide prior to trying things out.

The actual guide 0. First you need to check if your CPU supports at least SSE2 (if you already know that your CPU supports at least SSE2, skip to the next step).

>> Download CPU-Z
>> Unzip and start the program. In the CPU tab, look if you see SSE2 somewhere (if you also see SSE3, congratulations, you have the perfect CPU!). If you only see SSE, ask your dad for a new CPU, otherwise this won't work.

1. If you are using Windows XP go to step 2. If you are using Windows Vista, skip to step 3.

2. You need to create at least 6GB unallocated space on your hard disk. If you know how to do this, don't hesitate to use your preferred method. If you don't know how to do this, download Partiton Magic 8 and shrink one of the partitions on your hard drive. After you've done that, skip to step 4.

>> Click on ‘Resize/Move Partition
>> Move the slider to make the partition smaller and hit OK
>> Click on ‘Apply’
>> Close Partition Magic

3. You need to create at least 6GB unallocated space on your hard drive. To do this, follow the steps below.

>> Press the windows logo in the bottom left corner of you screen
>> Right click ‘computer’ and select ‘manage’
>> Select ‘Disk Management’ in the ‘Computer Management’ screen.
>> Select a partition with at least 6GB of free space
>> Right click it and hit ’shrink volume”
>> Type in the amount of space to shrink (at least 6GB) and hit ‘Shrink’.
>> Close all open windows.

4. In Vista, hit [windows button] + R. In XP, go to start > Run. Type 'diskpart' (without quotes) in the run window and press OK.

5. In the command window, type:

>> List disk
>> Select disk [disk #]
>> List partition
>> create partition primary id=af
>> active

6. Insert the Leopard install disk (if you don't have it, search for a ToH RC2 disk on the usual places...) and reboot your computer.If it doesn't boot up your Leopard disk you may have to change your BIOS settings to alow booting from a DVD.

7. Wait for the DVD to boot up and select a language. Somewhere in the toolbar at the top of your screen (after you selected a language!) you'll see 'Disk Utility'. Open it and select the partition you created in step 5. Format it to HFS+ (journaled) and call it Leopard.

8. Follow all installation steps on your screen. Choose the HFS+ (journaled) partition you created in step 7 and don't forget to hit customize. Depending on the install disk you use you need to select or deselect packages.

9. The install will take about an hour, depending on your computer configuration. Take a cup of coffee and start praying.

10. When the installation finishes your computer should boot into Leopard! If it does, skip to step 16. If it does't, go to the next step.

11. Boot the Leopard instalation DVD again.

12. Open a terminal window (see the toolbar, it should be there) and type:

>> /usr/misc/ Leopard (if you named the partition 'Leopard', if you gave it another name, replace 'Leopard' with your name)

13. Leopard should start booting now! If you are lucky, you can use it now, if you get a kernel panic, read on, otherwise, skip to step 16..

14. Restart the computer and hit F8 when you see the bootloader. Type in "cpus=1" and hit enter. If you still get a kernel panic, read on, otherwise skip to step 16.

15. Boot into your BIOS and disable SpeedStep. Try to boot Leopard now, still not working? Try to boot it in safe mode (type -x in the command line). if it's still not working, go to step 16.

16. When booted into Leopard, play with it for a while and then fire up a new terminal window. Type

sudo nano /library/preferences/systemconfiguration/

17. Type cpus=1 in the kernel flag string if you needed that flag in step 15. Add

below the last string to setup a timeout for the bootloader. This'll allow you to choose your Windows partition when you start your computer.

18. You should now have a working dual boot configuration! Maybe there are still a few things not working like you hoped, search the forums at and for help. If you search the board before posting and use common sense, I'm sure that the community will help you.

OPTIONAL: Now you installed OSX on your computer using this great site, please visit our weblog. We're just starting it and it would be great if you could give it some exposure on your blog. Thanks!

FTP Server in Ubuntu

File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a TCP protocol for uploading and downloading files between computers. FTP works on a client/server model. The server component is called an FTP daemon. It continuously listens for FTP requests from remote clients. When a request is received, it manages the the login and sets up the connection. For the duration of the session it executes any of commands sent by the FTP client.
Access to an FTP server can be managed in two ways:
  • Anonymous
  • Authenticated
In the Anonymous mode, remote clients can access the FTP server by using the default user account called 'anonymous" or "ftp" and sending an email address as the password. In the Authenticated mode a user must have an account and a password. User access to the FTP server directories and files is dependent on the permissions defined for the account used at login. As a general rule, the FTP daemon will hide the root directory of the FTP server and change it to the FTP Home directory. This hides the rest of the file system from remote sessions.

vsftpd - FTP Server Installation

vsftpd is an FTP daemon available in Ubuntu. It is easy to install, set up, and maintain. To install vsftpd you can run the following command:
sudo apt-get install vsftpd 

vsftpd - FTP Server Configuration

You can edit the vsftpd configuration file, /etc/vsftpd.conf, to change the default settings. By default only anonymous FTP is allowed. If you wish to disable this option, you should change the following line:
By default, local system users are not allowed to login to FTP server. To change this setting, you should uncomment the following line:
By default, users are allowed to download files from FTP server. They are not allowed to upload files to FTP server. To change this setting, you should uncomment the following line:
Similarly, by default, the anonymous users are not allowed to upload files to FTP server. To change this setting, you should uncomment the following line:
The configuration file consists of many configuration parameters. The information about each parameter is available in the configuration file. Alternatively, you can refer to the man page, man 5 vsftpd.conf for details of each parameter.
Once you configure vsftpd you can start the daemon. You can run following command to run the vsftpd daemon:
sudo /etc/init.d/vsftpd start 

Please note that the defaults in the configuration file are set as they are for security reasons. Each of the above changes makes the system a little less secure, so make them only if you need them.

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