How To Diagnose Memory (Hardware) Issues on DELL Servers

by Ramesh Natarajan
Courtesy : http://www.thegeekstuff.com
 
Sometimes it may be necessary to find out whether there are any issues with the memory or other hardware components on a server. Typically it is recommended to perform this kind of test on a server before deploying for production usage. DELL has provided few tools to perform hardware diagnostics on DELL Servers. Let us review “Dell 32 Bit Diagnostics” tools in this post.
 
This Diagnostics tools can be used on DELL PowerEdge servers and PowerVault. Following items are covered in this post:
  1. Download Diagnostics utility from Dell support site.
  2. Create bootable CD
  3. Execute the memory test
  4. Graphics based diagnostics


1. Download Diagnostics Utility from Dell Support Site

.
Go to support.dell.com and click on “Drivers and Downloads”, select your specific server model and click on the Diagnostics link to download the corresponding DELL Diagnostics Tool. To burn the Diagnostics bootable CD on windows download the *.EXE and to burn the CD on Linux download the *.bin file.
In this example, I have searched for “Dell 32 bit Diagnostics v5091A1″ in the support.dell.com and downloaded the EW5091A1.EXE. I will be using Windows to create the Dell Diagnostics bootable CD.

2. Create a bootable CD

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Run the EW5091A1.EXE and follow the directions to create a bootable Dell Diagnostics CD as shown below
(1) Welcome Screen: This displays all the PowerEdge and PowerVault models that are supported by this particular diagnostics tool.
Dell Diagnostics Utility Welcome Screen
 
(2) Extract Files: Specify the location where you would like to extract the files.
Dell Diagnostics Utility - Extract Files
 
(3) Choose Bootable Image Media : Diagnostics distribution package screen lets you create bootable image on several media (USB, Floppy, CD etc.). I selected “Create a bootable CD” to create a bootable CD of the diagnostics utility.
Dell Diagnostics - Bootable Media
 
(4) Create Bootable CD: Specify whether you want to directly burn to CD (or) create an ISO image. I burned it to a CD.
Dell Diagnostics Utility - Create Bootable CD

3. Execute the memory test

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(1) Dell Diagnostics Menu: Once you burn a bootable Dell Diagnostics CD, insert it to the server where you want to perform the memory test and reboot. This will display the Diagnostics Menu with the following four options.
Dell Diagnostics - Main Menu
 
(2) MpMemory diagnostics: Select Option 1 to perform the memory test. This will perform various memory test and display a summary of the test. In the example shown below, all the test were conducted successfully and MpMemory did not find any issues with the memory on the DELL Server. If any of the memory test failed, please work with DELL support to get the memory replaced.
Dell Diagnostics - MpMemory Test
After the test is completed, press any key to display the memory test results in a text output. This will also display the main menu of the Diagnostics tool. Press Option 4 to quit out the tool. Remove the diagnostics CD and reboot the server to resume normal operation.

4. Graphics based diagnostics

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(1) Ddgui graphics based diagnostics: Select option 2, on the diagnostics menu for a graphical UI to perform hardware diagnostics. The graphical UI has the option of performing express, extended and custom test. I typically perform express test and if I see any issues, I perform an extended test. If you have enough time, you can try to perform the extended Test.
Dell Diagnostics - GUI Main Menu
 
(2) Custom Test Mode: In this mode, you can specifically select which hardware you would like to run the diagnose test. This can perform variety of diagnostics such as Processor, Video, USB, PCI Devices, Hard Drive etc. as shown below:
Dell Diagnostics - Custom GUI Menu
 

How do you know whether you have a genuine copy of windows or not?

How do you know whether you have a genuine copy of windows or not?To know whether you have genuine winows copy run this command in run dialog "oobe/msoobe /a" without quotes. If you get a dialog box saying that "Thanks for using our product" then you have a genuine copy of windows.
If the dialog ask you to activate the product then you own a pirated copy of windows.

How to remove Windows XP Service Pack 3 from your computer

To remove Windows XP SP3 from your computer, use one of the following methods.

Important After you remove Windows XP Service Pack 3 from your computer, we recommend that you visit the following Microsoft Web page and then install the latest security updates:
http://update.microsoft.com (http://update.microsoft.com)

Method 1: Use the "Add or Remove Programs" item in Control Panel

  1. Click Start, and then click Run.
  2. Copy and then paste the following command in the Open box, and then press ENTER:
    appwiz.cpl
  3. Click to select the Show Updates check box.
  4. Click Windows XP Service Pack 3, and then click Remove.
  5. Click Finish to restart the computer after the removal process is complete.

Method 2: Use the hidden $NtServicePackUninstall$ folder

  1. Click Start, click Run, type c:\windows\$NtServicePackUninstall$\spuninst\spuninst.exe in the Open box, and then click OK.
  2. When the Windows XP Service Pack 3 Removal Wizard starts, click Next.
  3. Follow the instructions on the screen to remove Windows XP SP3.

Method 3: Use the System Restore process

Note Before you use System Restore, make sure that you have restarted the computer at least one time after you installed Windows XP SP3. By restarting the computer, you allow for any remaining servicing processes to finish.
  1. Click Start, and then click Run.
  2. Copy and then paste the following command in the Open box, and then press ENTER:
    %systemroot%\System32\restore\rstrui.exe
  3. Click Restore my computer to an earlier time, and then click Next.
  4. Click the date on which you installed Windows XP SP3, and then click Installed Window XP Service Pack 3 in the Restore Point box.
  5. Click Next, and then follow the instructions on the screen to remove Windows XP SP3.

Method 4: Use Recovery Console

Important This section, method, or task contains steps that tell you how to modify the registry. However, serious problems might occur if you modify the registry incorrectly. Therefore, make sure that you follow these steps carefully. For added protection, back up the registry before you modify it. Then, you can restore the registry if a problem occurs. For more information about how to back up and restore the registry, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
322756  (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/322756/ ) How to back up and restore the registry in Windows

If you cannot remove Windows XP SP3 by using one of the previous methods, follow these steps:
  1. Insert the Windows XP CD in the CD drive or in the DVD drive, and then restart your computer. When you receive the following message, press a key to start your computer from the Windows XP CD:
    Press any key to boot from CD
    Note The computer must be configured to start from the CD drive or from the DVD drive. For more information about how to configure your computer to start from the CD drive or from the DVD drive, see the documentation that was included with your computer, or contact the computer manufacturer. You can also use a bootable floppy disk to start Windows XP. For more information, see the following Microsoft Knowledge Base article:
    305595  (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/305595/ ) How to create a bootable floppy disk for an NTFS or FAT partition in Windows XP
  2. When you receive the Welcome to Setup message, press R to start the Recovery Console.

    Note Multiple options will appear on the screen.
  3. Select the correct Windows XP installation.

    Note You must select a number before you press ENTER, or the computer will restart. Typically, only the 1: C:\Windows selection is available.
  4. If you are prompted to type an administrator password, do so. If you do not know the administrator password, press ENTER. (Typically, the password is blank.)

    Note You cannot continue if you do not have the administrator password.
  5. At the command prompt, type cd $ntservicepackuninstall$\spuninst, and then press ENTER.
  6. At the command prompt, type batch spuninst.txt, and then press ENTER.

    Note The Spuninstal.txt file appears. As the file scrolls down, you will see errors and the files that are being copied. This is typical behavior.
  7. After Windows XP SP3 is removed, type exit, and then press ENTER.
  8. Restart the computer in safe mode. To do this, press F8 when the computer restarts.

    Note After you restart the computer, the computer may stop responding, and you may see a black screen. The mouse will work. In this case, restart the computer again by turning the computer off and then back on. The second restart will let you log on.
  9. When the computer restarts, Windows Explorer (Explorer.exe) does not run, and the Windows icons and the Start button are unavailable. To resolve this problem, follow these steps:
    1. Press CTRL+ALT+DEL, and then click Task Manager in the Windows Security screen.
    2. Click File, and then click New Task (Run).
    3. In the Open box, type regedit, and then click OK.
    4. Locate and then click the following registry subkey:
      HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\RpcSs
    5. In the details pane, right-click ObjectName, click Modify, type LocalSystem in the Value data box, and then click OK.
    6. Restart the computer
  10. Use one of the previous methods to remove Windows XP SP3 from your computer.
For more information about how to install and use the Recovery Console, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
307654  (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/307654/ ) How to install and use the Recovery Console in Windows XP
If you need help about how to install, reinstall, or uninstall Windows, visit the following Microsoft Web site:
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/help/install-reinstall-uninstall (http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/help/install-reinstall-uninstall)

How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac

BootCamp05 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac
Courtesy : http://www.testfreaks.com/blog/


So you picked up your shiny new copy of Microsoft’s latest OS offering – Windows 7 and want to install it on your (cue dramatic music)…….. Intel based Mac. Mac fans will view this as blasphemy and Windows lovers will probably ask; “why didn’t you get a PC if you wanted to run Windows”. Well there are numerous valid reasons for having Windows 7 installed on one’s Mac and today we will guide you through the set up. My personal retort is because I can.
Naturally you don’t want to get rid of OS X when installing Windows, so thankfully Apple created Boot Camp which allows safe installation of a Microsoft Operating System ranging from Windows XP to the newest Windows 7. This is made possible by the fact that underneath all the Mac and Apple branding the components are basically a standard Intel PC.
Boot Camp works by creating a partition that is recognized by the Windows installation media on certain Intel-based Mac. According to the Apple website the following models are not supported:
- iMac (17-inch, Early 2006)
- iMac (17-inch, Late 2006)
- iMac (20-inch, Early 2006)
- iMac (20-inch, Late 2006)
- MacBook Pro (15-inch, Early 2006)
- MacBook Pro (17-inch, Late 2006)
- MacBook Pro (15-inch, Late 2006)
- MacBook Pro (17-inch, Early 2006)
- Mac Pro (Mid 2006, Intel Xeon Dual-core 2.66GHz or 3GHz)
To get Windows 7 installed you will need Mac OS X v10.6 Snow Leopard and the Boot Camp 3.1 Update.
Initially when Windows 7 was first released Apple did not update Boot Camp to fully support the new Microsoft OS. You were able to install it and it worked but certain features were not supported. At the beginning of this year Apple released the Boot Camp 3.1 update, which provides support for both 32-bit as well as the 64-bit Home Premium, Professional, and Ultimate versions of Windows 7. The software update furthermore includes Magic Mouse and Apple wireless keyboard support, as well addressing some Apple track pad and laptop LED issue
Prior to starting the install process make sure your computer’s Mac OS X operating system, Boot ROM, other firmware and software are up-to-date.
To start the process in OS X open Boot Camp Setup Assistant (located in /Applications/Utilities). You will be greeted by an introduction screen followed by a graphical partition manager from where you can adjust the size of the Boot Camp Windows partition; by default Apple starts at 5 GB but that is way too small for a Windows 7 installation. I would recommend a minimum of 40 GB to be on the safe side.
BootCamp01 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp02 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp03 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac
Once your partition size is selected click the Partition button and OS X will do the rest. After the partitioning occurs you will be asked to insert the Windows 7 install disc and press the Start Installation button which will reboot the Mac.
At this point the installation process will function like the normal Windows 7 install. You should be greeted with the familiar Windows is loading screen followed by the license acceptance dialog. Next choose whether to perform an upgrade or custom installation. For today’s tutorial I’ll be showing how to set up a fresh installation of Windows 7 so select the custom install option.
BootCamp04 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp05 thumb1 How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp06 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp07 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac
The next screen will show a list of partitions on your Mac hard drive. Highlight the one named Boot Camp and then press the drive options button. Click the format button, you’ll be asked to confirm, click yes and this will format the Boot Camp partition making it ready for the Windows 7 installation.
BootCamp08 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp09 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp10 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp11 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac
Now go grab yourself a cup of coffee and relax as Windows 7 will install itself. This process will take about 20 minutes to a half hour and requires no user intervention until the very end. Once Windows 7 reboots a user creation screen will appear.
BootCamp12 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp13 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp14 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac
Congratulations your Windows 7 is installed on your Mac, now its time to run any Windows 7 updates and then install the Boot Camp drivers so everything works as expected.
BootCamp15 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac
Eject the Windows 7 installation media and insert the Snow Leopard installation disk. The disk should autorun the Boot Camp drivers for Vista which is compatible with Windows 7.
If you are running a MacBook or Mac Mini and are installing a 64-bit version you may get following error: “Boot Camp x64 is unsupported on this computer model”. This is easily resolved by opening the Snow Leopard installation disk folder; locating and right-clicking the “BootCamp64″ application and selecting “Troubleshoot compatibility”. Click on “Start the program and the program should run; this works by disabling Boot Camp’s Version Check. Thanks to http://www.techulous.com/hardware/how-to-apple-boot-camp-64-bit-for-windows-7-on-unsupported-macs.html for the fix.
BootCamp16 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp17 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp18 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac
Once the Boot Camp drivers are installed you will be asked to reboot the machine. Go into the Apple software update folder and run it. There should be Boot Camp 3.1 drivers which can be installed from the update; run these and you will be done.
BootCamp19 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp20 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp21 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp22 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp23 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac
You should notice a Boot Camp icon in the system tray which runs the Boot Camp Control Panel the user can select the boot partition and control the remote, keyboard and power settings.
BootCamp24 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp25 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp26 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac BootCamp27 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac
Another way to select the start up system between Windows 7 and OS X is by holding down the Option Key on your keyboard or if you have a Mac remote hold down menu button when booting up your Mac. This will bring up a graphical boot loader to select the OS you wish to boot into.
BootCamp28 thumb How to Install Windows 7 on a Mac
Congratulations once all this is done you now have Windows 7 installed on your Mac machine; now go show off your OS X/Windows 7 machine to your Windows loving friends.

Courtesy : http://www.testfreaks.com/blog/

How to Make your Blogger Blog ready for Mobile Phones

Posted by kranthi

As you know, millions of people use their mobile phones to access internet. The mobile internet speed is also very fast these days with 3G's , mobile apps,etc.

From this, we can say many of your readers are coming to your blog through mobile phones..But, if you don't make your blog mobile friendly, .you may lose all your mobile readers because in a mobile phone, a normal blog takes lot of time to load and there are other issues that your site not fitting properly in the mobile screen.

So, here is how to make your Blogger (blogspot) blog mobile internet friendly..

Sign into your Blogger account > Design > Edit html

Find this line..
<b:include data='blog' name='all-head-content'/>



Paste this code below that line...


<meta content='IE=EmulateIE7' http-equiv='X-UA-Compatible'/>

<b:if cond='data:blog.isMobile'>

<meta content='width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, user-scalable=0' name='viewport'/>

<b:else/>

<meta content='width=1100' name='viewport'/>

</b:if>


Save the Changes!

That's it! Now, your visitors can access your blogger blog through mobile phones with blazing speed...



IRCTC Mobile – Indian Railways reservation/enquiry on your mobile

Courtesy :techiegyan.com
Posted By : Aditya



IRCTC have set of ways for mobile access and users can take benefit of it for getting Railways reservation/Railways enquiry etc.
1. IRCTC Mobile Application
IRCTCmobile allows you to perform various ticketing related services through your mobile phone. This service is available for all GPRS subscribers in India.
You can now book tickets using Credit Cards and Cash Cards, view trains between stations, check availability, get fare, perform PNR enquiry and many other information services. The tickets booked through IRCTCmobile shall be delivered to the postal address provided during the booking within 3 clear days from the date of booking.
Pre-requisite:
Java phone and GPRS connectivity is a pre-requisite. To avail GPRS facility, contact your mobile operator.
You can see demo of the mobile application here by clicking the demo link in right bottom (below installation instructions)

Visit this link for more details.
2. Mobile site of IRCTC — www.irctc.co.in/mobile
Use your mobile to open www.irctc.co.in/mobile and use it for booking ticket, ticket history and enquiry.

See the complete working guide at http://www.irctc.co.in/mobileuserguide.html
3. Railways booking on Airtel live
Features supported on Airtel live:
a. Now you can book all your rail tickets through the mobile
b. You would get the PNR confirmation on the mobile phone.
c. The tickets get delivered to the location of your choice within 72 hrs
d. You can also check the status of your ticket on the mobile.
Get more information about pricing and application here
There is another application ngpay which also provide Railways ticket booking along with some more services. Get more information about it here

Autosave Option in Microsoft Office

Courtesy : excel.tips.net
Excel includes the ability to automatically save your work periodically, but the feature is not built into Excel 97 or Excel 2000. Instead, you need to
install
an add-in and then configure it to work properly. You can check to see if the AutoSave add-in is installed by displaying the Tools menu. If you do not see an AutoSave option, then you will need to follow these steps:
  1. Choose Add-Ins from the Tools menu. This displays the Add-Ins dialog box.
  2. Make sure the AutoSave add-in is selected; that it has a check mark beside it.
  1. Click on OK.

The proper AutoSave add-in is now installed. To use AutoSave, follow these steps:
  1. Choose AutoSave from the Tools menu. This displays the AutoSave dialog box.
  2. Use the controls in the dialog box to indicate how you want the saving to occur.
  3. Click on OK.

 

Notice that there is an option at the bottom of the AutoSave dialog box that allows you to specify whether Excel prompts you before saving your workbook. This is always a good option to select. The reason is because Excel always performs the AutoSave to the same file that you loaded. Thus, without prompting, your existing file will always be overwritten.
If you are using Excel 2002 or Excel 2003, the AutoSave add-in has been made a permanent part of Excel. In this version, you enable AutoSave by following these steps:
  1. Choose Options from the Tools menu. Excel displays the Options dialog box.
  2. Make sure the Save tab is selected. 

  1. Use the controls on the tab to indicate how you want the saving to occur.
  2. Click on OK.
ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (2777) applies to Microsoft Excel versions: 97 | 2000 | 2002 | 2003

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